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Back Pain

What is degenerative disc disease?

Degenerative disc disease, a condition in which spinal discs undergo wear and tear, is a common part of the aging process. Spinal discs, the rubbery cushions nestled between the vertebrae of the spinal column, serve as shock absorbers, enabling comfortable movement, bending, and twisting. Over time, these discs naturally degenerate in everyone.

When these cushions deteriorate, the adjacent bones may rub against each other, leading to various issues, including:

  • Adult scoliosis, involving a curvature of the spine.
  • Herniated disc, also referred to as bulged, slipped, or ruptured disc.
  • Spinal stenosis, characterized by the narrowing of spaces around the spinal cord.
  • Spondylolisthesis, a condition where the vertebrae shift in and out of their proper alignment.

To address these concerns, we offer advanced solutions and comprehensive care. At NeuroSpine Plus, individuals can find relief, regain comfort, and improve their overall well-being.


What are the symptoms of degenerative disc disease?

The most common symptoms of degenerative disc disease include:

  • Occasional periods of neck and back pain, lasting for an extended duration of weeks or months.
  • Presence of numbness or tingling sensations in the arms or legs.
  • Discomfort radiating down the buttocks and lower back.
  • Increased pain intensity during sitting, bending, or lifting.

Speak to our neurosurgeons at Neurospine Plus if you suffer from any of these symptoms.

What are the causes of degenerative disc disease?

Spinal discs naturally deteriorate as a part of the aging process. Particularly after reaching 40 years of age, most individuals encounter some level of disc degeneration. However, the presence of pain varies from person to person.

If you experience pain in relation to your spinal discs, it could be attributed to the following factors:

  • The drying out of the disc: The soft core of your discs, composed mostly of water, naturally diminishes as you age. Consequently, the discs become thinner and offer reduced shock absorption compared to their previous state. This gradual drying out is a common occurrence.
  • Tear or fracture: Minor injuries can result in small cracks in the spinal discs, often located near nerves. Even minor tears can cause considerable pain. In some cases, an open crack in the outer wall of a spinal disc can cause the disc to bulge out of place, leading to a condition known as a herniated disc. This can potentially compress a spinal nerve and cause additional discomfort.

What are the treatments for degenerative disc disease?

Neurospine Plus offers various treatment options to effectively manage degenerative disc disease. Noninvasive treatment alternatives are typically recommended and may include:

  • Physical therapy: Engaging in strength-building and stretching exercises led by a skilled healthcare provider.
  • Medications: NeuroSpine Plus may prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), muscle relaxers, or steroids to alleviate symptoms.
  • Steroid injections: Skillfully administered injections near the affected spinal nerves, discs, or joints can significantly reduce inflammation and pain.

If traditional methods don’t work, then you may be advised to try new treatments for degenerative disc disease or undergo surgical procedures such as:

  • Discectomy: A surgical procedure that entails removing a portion of the spinal disc to alleviate nerve compression.
  • Laminectomy: A targeted removal of a small section of the lower spine’s bone (lamina) can be performed to provide relief from symptoms.
  • Disc replacement surgery: Replacement of the degenerated spinal disc with an artificial one.
  • Spinal fusion: By connecting two or more vertebrae, NeuroSpine Plus surgeons can restore stability and functionality to the affected area.

Speak to our neurosurgeons at Neurospine Plus if you suffer from any of these symptoms.

Frequently Asked Questions

At NeuroSpine Plus, our surgeons heavily advise sticking to non-conservative measures first, like taking over-the-counter pain relief and exercise therapy, and then, if it does not work they’ll conduct an extensive examination looking at your symptoms and spine. From there, they’ll advise you of the most effective treatment according to your situation.

As back pain comes from a stabbing or shooting sensation of the muscle, there’s no one-size-fits-all remedy. Instead, there’s a range of treatments that can ease back pain. Some of them are over-the-counter medications, hot and cold therapy, and spinal surgery.

If you’re concerned about having back pain in the near future, there are several things you can do to ease it. Some are stretching daily, weight training, staying healthy, not smoking, and not sitting in a bad posture.

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